n. What must men do?

What the Almighty want from men can be summarized as follows;

  • Faithfulness to the one and only true God
  • Obedient to God, parent and authority
  • Righteousness, choosing to do right over wrong.

In Malachi 4:4, God specifically remind us his law commanded to Moses in Horeb.These laws includes the Ten Commandments and various other laws in Exodus chapter 20 to 31 written on the tablet by finger of God.

Malachi 4:4 (God) Law of Moses.
4″Remember the law of my servant Moses, the statutes and rules that I commanded him at Horeb for all Israel.
Exodus 31:18 (God) Law written on the tablet by finger of God.
18 And he gave to Moses, when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

Some of these laws are already superseded by events, such as the instruction in Exodus chapter 25 to 30 to build the sanctuary, it has already been completed and replace by the Temple of Solomon.

Faithfulness to the one and only true God can be found in the 1st Commandments, there is only one God, 2nd Commandments, do not worship idols and the 3rd commandments, do not profane God’s name. Some update is required, as shown in Ezekiel 18:20 and Jeremiah 31:29-30 above, no longer shall children answer for the sin of their fathers, each men shall answer for their own sin.

Exodus 20:3 (God) 1st Commandment
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
Exodus 20:4-6 (God) 2nd Commandment
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
Exodus 20:7 (God) 3rd Commandment
7 “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
Exodus 23:13 (God) Law against mentioning other gods.
Exodus 20:22-23, 22:20 (God) Law against idolatry

The Almighty wants men to show obedient by keeping the Sabbath, resting on the seventh day and obeying our parents and obeying the authority. It is noted that the need to keep Sabbath  is mentioned three times in the law God gave to Moses in Horeb.

Exodus 20:8-11 (God) 4th Commandment
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
Exodus 20:12 (God) 5th Commandment
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
Exodus 21:15, 21:17 (God) Laws on honoring parents.
15 “Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall be put to death. 17″Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.
Exodus 22:28 (God) Law on respecting authority.
28 “You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.
Exodus 23:10-12 (God) Law on keeping Sabbath.
10 “For six years you shall sow your land and gather in its yield, 11 but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave the beasts of the field may eat. You shall do likewise with your vineyard, and with your olive orchard. 12 “Six days you shall do your work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; that your ox and your donkey may have rest, and the son of your servant woman, and the alien, may be refreshed.
Exodus 22:29-30 (God) Law on paying tithe and firstborn(superseded)
29 “You shall not delay to offer from the fullness of your harvest and from the outflow of your presses. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to me. 30 You shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep:seven days it shall be with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to me.
Exodus 23:14-16 (God) Feast of unleavened bread, Harvesting and Ingathering has been superseded.
Exodus 23:17-19 (God) Law on Offering and feast has been superseded

Amos 5:21-25(God)  God is sick and tired of Israel’s heartless feast and offering, wanted Justice and righteousness instead.
21 I despise your feasts, and I take no delight in your solemn assemblies. 22 Even though you offer me your burnt offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept them; and the peace offerings of your fattened animals, I will not look upon them. 23 Take away from me the noise of your songs; to the melody of your harps I will not listen. 24 But let justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream. 25 “Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

Exodus 31:16-17 (God) Law on keeping Sabbath
16 Therefore the people of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, observing the Sabbath throughout their generations, as a covenant forever. 17 It is a sign forever between me and the people of Israel that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'”
Exodus 20:24 (God) An altar of earth for offerings has been superseded.
Exodus 21:2-11, 21:20-21(God) Laws on treatment of slaves has been superseded by events since slavery has been outlawed.


God, the Almighty wants men to do whats right over wrong, whats right in the eye of God and also whats right in the society, so that God’s name would not be profaned, to up hold the 3rd commandments. Zechariah, Micah and Jeremiah summarize them as, do justices, keep peace, speak truth, show kindness, show mercy, do no evil, say no false oath, help the weak, poor or dependent, do not steal, do not swear falsely, do not accuse an innocent falsely. Readers are reminded the need to obey local authority and not to profaned God’s name in application of the laws shown below. How do men knows what is the right thing to do? There are no many grey areas and men has so many weaknesses. Elihu in Job 35:1÷-16 tell us that God is speaking to us through his spirit in us, it is necessary to listen to our conscious.

Exodus 20:13 (God) 6th Commandment
13 “You shall not murder.
Exodus 20:14 (God) 7th Commandment
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
Exodus 20:15 (God) 8th Commandment
15 “You shall not steal.
Exodus 20:16 (God) 9th Commandment
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Exodus 20:17 (God) 10th Commandment
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.”
Zechariah 8:16-17 (God) Things that men should do
16 These are the things that you shall do: Speak the truth to one another; render in your gates judgments that are true and make for peace; 17 do not devise evil in your hearts against one another, and love no false oath, for all these things I hate, declares the LORD.”
Jeremiah 22:3-5 (God) Do justice and righteousness
3 Thus says the LORD: Do justice and righteousness, and deliver from the hand of the oppressor him who has been robbed. And do no wrong or violence to the resident alien, the fatherless, and the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place.
Zechariah 5:1-4 (angle) Those who steel and swears falsely by God’s name shall be burnt with his house.
1 Again I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a flying scroll! 2 And he said to me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a flying scroll. Its length is twenty cubits, and its width ten cubits.” 3 Then he said to me, “This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole land. For everyone who steals shall be cleaned out according to what is on one side, and everyone who swears falsely shall be cleaned out according to what is on the other side. 4 I will send it out, declares the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter the house of the thief, and the house of him who swears falsely by my name. And it shall remain in his house and consume it, both timber and stones.”
Zechariah 7:9-10 (God) Thing that men should do
9 “Thus says the LORD of hosts, Render true judgments, show kindness and mercy to one another, 10 do not oppress the widow, the fatherless, the sojourner, or the poor, and let none of you devise evil against another in your heart.”
Micah 5:6-8 (author) What God wants from his people.
6 “With what shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before God on high? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves a year old? 7 Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?” 8 He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?
Job 35:13-16 (author) God’s spirit speaks within a person, listen to your conscious.
13 But it is wrong to say God doesn’t listen, to say the Almighty isn’t concerned. 14 You say you can’t see him, but he will bring justice if you will only wait. 15 You say he does not respond to sinners with anger and is not greatly concerned about wickedness. 16 But you are talking nonsense, Job. You have spoken like a fool.”

Exodus 21:12-14 (God) Law against murder, manslaughter and accidental death
Exodus 21:16 (God) Law against forced slavery.
Exodus 21:18-19 (God) Law on fighting
Exodus 21:22-25 (God) Law on injury to pregnant women due to fighting.
Exodus 21:28-36, Exodus 22:5, Exodus 23:4-5 (God) Law on pets and other farm animals.
Exodus 22:1-4 (God) Law on thief.
Exodus 22:6 (God) Law on Arsonist
Exodus 22:7-13 (God) Law on breach of trust.
Exodus 22:14-15 (God) Law on borrowed items.
Exodus 22:16-17 (God) Law on rape
Exodus 22:19 (God) Law against sex with animals
Exodus 22:21, Exodus 23:9 (God) Law on treating sojourner.
Exodus 22:22-24 (God) Law on treating widow and fatherless.
Exodus 22:25-27 (God) Law on lending to the poor.
Exodus 22:31 (God) Law against eating flesh torn by animals.
Exodus 23:1-3, 23:6-8 (God) Law against siding with the wicked.

Elias, Malachi 4:5-6