Anger of God, Satan incite David to take a census of Israel, through which God slay 70 000 Israelis. What cause this anger? Deuteronomy 2 shows that the land of Edom were given to descendant of Esau, Israel’s brother, while the land of the Ammonites and Moab were given to descendant of lot as possession. In 1 Chronicles 18-19, King David conquered Edom, Moab and when King Hanun of Ammonites humiliated King David’s ambassadors, King David conquered Ammonites also, these are done without consulting God, leading to his wrath. God gave Israel mighty men to finish taking possession of the promised land, but King David use the mighty men to kill his relatives and take possession of land that God did not promise to Israel. Further evidence can be seen in 2 Chronicles 20:10, where even King Jehoshaphat of Judah knows they are not to fight with their relatives. King Jehoshaphat blamed the people of Ammon, Moab and Edom banding together against Israel, when God has commanded them not to fight against each other. The Almighty ended the punishment with his steadfast love for David, forgave and spared Jerusalem. Calamity arises as a punishment for sin, accept the punishment and be forgiven.
The Almighty do not enjoy punishing his children, do not want to see his children fighting against each other, he wants his children to live in peace and help each other.
2 Samuel 24:1 (author) Anger of God, Satan
1 Again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go, number Israel and Judah.”
1 Chronicles 21:1 (author)
1 Then Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel.
Deuteronomy 2:3-5 (God) Edom, descendant of Esau, Israel’s brother.
3 ‘You have been traveling around this mountain country long enough. Turn northward 4 and command the people, “You are about to pass through the territory of your brothers, the people of Esau, who live in Seir; and they will be afraid of you. So be very careful. 5 Do not contend with them, for I will not give you any of their land, no, not so much as for the sole of the foot to tread on, because I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession.
Deuteronomy 2:9 (God) Moab, descendant of Lot
9 And the LORD said to me, ‘Do not harass Moab or contend with them in battle, for I will not give you any of their land for a possession, because I have given Ar to the people of Lot for a possession.’
Deuteronomy 2:19 (God) Ammon, sons of Lot.
19 And when you approach the territory of the people of Ammon, do not harass them or contend with them, for I will not give you any of the land of the people of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to the sons of Lot for a possession.’
1 Chronicles 18:11-13 (author) Edom, Moab and Ammonites overthrown.
11 These also King David dedicated to the LORD, together with the silver and gold that he had carried off from all the nations, from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek. 12 And Abishai, the son of Zeruiah, killed 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 13 Then he put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went.
2 Chronicles 20:10-11(author) King Jehoshaphat, David’s descendant knows Ammon, Moab and Edom were not to be invaded
10 And now behold, the men of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir, whom you would not let Israel invade when they came from the land of Egypt, and whom they avoided and did not destroy—11 behold, they reward us by coming to drive us out of your possession, which you have given us to inherit.
1 Chronicles 21:11-12 (God) David allowed to choose his punishment.
11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Choose what you will: 12 either three years of famine, or three months of devastation by your foes while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or else three days of the sword of the LORD, pestilence on the land, with the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now decide what answer I shall return to him who sent me.”
1 Chronicles 21:14-16 (author) Angel of God stand earth and heaven
14 So the LORD sent a pestilence on Israel, and 70,000 men of Israel fell. 15 And God sent the angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, but as he was about to destroy it, the LORD saw, and he relented from the calamity. And he said to the angel who was working destruction, “It is enough; now stay your hand.” And the angel of the LORD was standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 16 And David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, and in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 21:26-27 (author) sacrifices is meaningful only with obedience
26 And David built there an altar to the LORD and presented burnt offerings and peace offerings and called on the LORD, and the LORD answered him with fire from heaven upon the altar of burnt offering. 27 Then the LORD commanded the angel, and he put his sword back into its sheath.